Kota City is the only electrified section served by three Rajdhani Expresses and trains to all major cities of India. The major oil seeds are Rape and Mustard. Major features include the ruins of the Indus Valley Civilisation at Kalibangan and Balathal, the Dilwara Temples, a Jain pilgrimage site at Rajasthan's only hill station, Mount Abu, in the ancient Aravalli mountain range and in eastern Rajasthan, the Keoladeo National Park of Bharatpur, a World Heritage Site known for its bird life. Jaipur, the Pink City, is noted for the ancient houses made of a type of sandstone dominated by a pink hue. used to make the famous Rajasthani textiles, is a major cash crop. At the beginning of the 13th century, the most prominent and powerful state of Rajasthan was Mewar. For the area of the ancient city of Samarkand, see, Sudhir Bhargava, "Location of Brahmavarta and Drishadwati river is important to find earliest alignment of Saraswati river" Seminar, Saraswati river-a perspective, 20–22 Nov 2009, Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra, organized by Saraswati Nadi Shodh Sansthan, Haryana, Seminar Report: pages 114–117. (2) U.P. Muslims make up 9.07%, Sikhs 1.27% and Jains 0.91% of the population. Historian R. C. Majumdar says that this was openly acknowledged by the Arab writers. , Rana Amar Singh I continued his ancestor's war against the Mughals under Jehangir, he repelled the Mughal armies at Dewar. Rajasthani Jains do not eat after sundown and their food does not contain garlic and onions. The Indira Gandhi Canal irrigates northwestern Rajasthan. Rajasthan connected 100% of its population to electricity power in 2019 (raising the rate of electricity access from 71% of population in 2015). Rajasthan is India's second largest producer of milk. It is commonly served at all festivities, including religious occasions, wedding ceremonies, and birthday parties in Rajasthan. The Ranthambore National Park located in Sawai Madhopur, one of the well known tiger reserves in the country, became a part of Project Tiger in 1973. In recent decades the literacy rate of Rajasthan has increased significantly. Growth and variability in area, yield, and production of major crops..... 55 Table 8. Rajasthani Jains do not eat after sundown and their food does not contain garlics and onions. In 2020, Bhadla Solar Park was recognized as the largest cluster of photovoltaic power plants in a single region in the World, with the installed power exceeding the 2.2 GWpeak. Rajasthan has varying topographic features though a major part of the state is dominated by parched and dry region. Highly cultivated classical music and dance with its own distinct style is part of the cultural tradition of Rajasthan. Rajasthan is among the largest producers of edible oils in India and the second largest producer of oilseeds. The Rajputs first expelled the commandants of Jodhpur and Bayana and recovered Amer by a night attack. , In the 19th century, the Rajput kingdoms were exhausted, they had been drained financially and in manpower after continuous wars and due to heavy tributes exacted by the Maratha Empire. Maharana Pratap soon became the most celebrated warrior of Rajasthan and became famous all over India for his sporadic warfare and noble actions.  The oldest reference to Rajasthan is found in a stone inscription dated back to 625 CE. Rajasthan is well connected to the main cities of the country including Delhi, Ahmedabad and Indore by state and national highways and served by Rajasthan State Road Transport Corporation (RSRTC) and private operators. This range divides the state into 60% in the northwest of the range and 40% in the southeast. Demoiselle cranes in Khichan near Bikaner, Amber Fort has seen from the bank of Maotha Lake, Jaigarh Fort on the hills in the background, This article is about the Indian state. Second Language: English (Year 2011-12) Rajasthan National Bajra 1290 1156 Maize 1583 2476 Cotton 518 491 Wheat 3461 3140 Mustard 1209 1145 Gram 690 912 Crop Productivity …. Rajasthan District FactPage TM: Bikaner District. Rajasthan is known for its traditional, colorful art. There are fairs with snake charmers, puppeteers, acrobats, and folk performers. The Bhils reside mostly in the west part of the country and constitute about 39… The area was declared a national park in 1979. After the defeat of Chauhan in 1192 CE, a part of Rajasthan came under Muslim rulers. Folk songs are commonly ballads that relate heroic deeds and love stories; and religious or devotional songs known as bhajans and banis which are often accompanied by musical instruments like dholak, sitar, and sarangi are also sung. A piece of cloth is used to cover the head, both for protection from heat and maintenance of modesty. More than two-thirds of the villagers spent considerable time and money guarding crops and protecting livestock. This food grain crop is also grown abundantly in the arid tract of Gujrat, Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh. Most renowned being NH 8, which is India's first 4–8 lane highway. The State gets 39% of the DMIC, with major districts of Jaipur, Alwar, Kota and Bhilwara benefiting. (2) Punjab (3) Haryana: Bajra (1) Rajasthan (2) Gujarat (3) Maharashtra: Jowar (1) Maharashtra (2)Karnataka (3)Madhya Pradesh (M.P.) After Rana Sangas death there was no one who could check the rapid expansion of the Mughal Empire.. At one point, due to poaching and negligence, tigers became extinct at Sariska, but five tigers have been relocated there. Stone Age tools dating from 5,000 to 200,000 years were found in Bundi and Bhilwara districts of the state. To the northeast of these districts is a rugged region (badlands) following the line of the Chambal River. Dec 24, 2020 - 4. There is rich and varied folk culture from villages which are often depicted as a symbol of the state. After destroying crops in Rajasthan's Pakistan bordering areas, a large swarm of locusts has now reached the capital city of Jaipur. Bhardwaj, K. K. "Hemu-Napoleon of Medieval India", Mittal Publications, New Delhi, p.25, The Cambridge History of India, Volume 3 pg 322, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Rajasthan State Road Transport Corporation, 2018 Rajasthan Legislative Assembly election, List of institutions of higher education in Rajasthan, "Kalraj Mishra is new governor of Rajasthan, Arif Mohd Khan gets Kerala | India News - Times of India", "MOSPI Net State Domestic Product, Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of India", "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 52nd report (July 2014 to June 2015)", "Sub-national HDI – Area Database – Global Data Lab", "Census 2011 (Final Data) – Demographic details, Literate Population (Total, Rural & Urban)", "INTER-STATE COUNCIL SECRETARIAT – Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India", "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 50th report (July 2012 to June 2013)", "INDUS VALLEY CIVILIZATION Related Articles arsenical bronze writing, literature", "Stone age tools dating back 200,000 years found in Rajasthan", "Subregions, Identity and Nature of Political Competition in Rajasthan", "Demography of a small, isolated tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) population in a semi-arid region of western India", "Rajasthan state mines and minerals limited", "Engaging with India's Electrification Agenda: Powering Rajasthan", "Rajasthan National Highways – List of Rajasthan Roads and Highway", "Census of India Website : Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India", "Population by religion community – 2011", "Rajasthan Assembly Polls 2018: The caste dynamics in the state and the race for reservations", "Rajasthan's Brahmins now seek job quotas", "Language – India, States and Union Territories", "Census of India: Abstract of speakers' strength of languages and mother tongues –2001", "51st REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER FOR LINGUISTIC MINORITIES IN INDIA", "Directorate of Literacy and Continuing Education: Government of Rajasthan", "Rajasthan literacy rate now 67.06 : Census Data | Census 2011 Indian Population", "Rajasthan Population 2011 – Growth rate, literacy, sex ratio in Census 2011 "2011 Updates" InfoPiper", "Rajasthan Governor fixes minimum education qualifications for Panchayat polls", "Lok Sabha TV Insights: Educational Qualification and Elections", "Tourist Places to Visit in Rajasthan – Rajasthan Tourism", Official Site of the Government of Rajasthan, India, Official Tourism Site of Rajasthan, India, Constituencies of Rajasthan Legislative Assembly, Autonomous administrative divisions of India, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rajasthan&oldid=997172650, States and territories established in 1950, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from July 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, Articles needing additional references from July 2013, All articles needing additional references, Articles needing additional references from March 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2019, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 30 December 2020, at 09:02. Major Agricultural Issues In Rajasthan, Rajasthan Economy, Civil Services Examination UPSC Notes | EduRev is made by best teachers of UPSC. Some places of Rajasthan that has black soil nurture the growth of major cash crops like Cotton. North of Vagad lies the Mewar region, home to the cities of Udaipur and Chittaurgarh. Jodhpur sandstone is mostly used in monuments, important buildings, and residential buildings.  Rajasthan is home to attractions for domestic and foreign travellers, including the forts and palaces of Jaipur, lakes of Udaipur, Temples of Rajsamand and Pali, sand dunes of Jaisalmer and Bikaner, Havelis of Mandawa and Fatehpur, Rajasthan, wildlife of Sawai Madhopur, the scenic beauty of Mount Abu, tribes of Dungarpur and Banswara, and the cattle fair of Pushkar. He further notes that historians of India have wondered at the slow progress of Muslim invaders in India, as compared with their rapid advance in other parts of the world. This sanctuary is home to a large population of blackbuck. Rajasthan is also the biggest wool-producing state in India and the main opium producer and consumer. 3.  Keoladeo National Park, Ranthambore National Park, Sariska Tiger Reserve, Tal Chhapar Sanctuary, are wildlife attractions of Rajasthan. Mobile: , E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Pant krishi bhawan JaipurThis website belong to l Directorate of Horticulture Jaipur bhawan JaipurThis website belong to l Directorate of Horticulture Jaipur Major Spice Growing Districts ..... 52 Table 7. Jain Temples dot Rajasthan from north to south and east to west. After 28 years, Jaipur suffers major locust attack; 2,500 hectares of land ruined. In the 2001 census, standard Rajasthani had over 18 million speakers, as well as millions of other speakers of Rajasthani dialects, such as Marwari. In 1192 CE, Muhammad Ghori decisively defeated Prithviraj at the Second Battle of Tarain. This site provides Valuable information related to General Knowledge of Rajasthan in hindi and English it also provide day to day current affairs in hindi, that are efficient and accurate in every aspect or RAS preparation for rajasthan gk. km.It comprises of 33 districts and its largest city is Jaipur, which is also its capital.Being located on the western side of the country, it shares its border with Pakistan to its northwest and to the west it shares its border with Sindh. Only 38.55 % ( 75.70 % male and 20.44 % female ) gourd etc,,... Two-Fifths on the cooking it also contributes about a third to our national major crops of rajasthan 4–8 lane.! India 's second largest crop in Rajasthan, with major districts like Jodhpur, and central parts of 's... The districts of Jaipur & contributions – Guhilas- Sisodiyas, Chauhans, Rathores and Kachchawas defeat was to... As a barrier for Arab invaders from the white marble Bara-dari on the cooking the Arab.. 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Were killed trying to occupy Rajasthan Janata Party and the prosperous western,... Little forest cover, Rajasthan 's residents are mainly Hindus, who account for 88.49 % of of. Current production of 5.83 million tonnes ) the foreign powers in India Vedic Civilisation and Indus Valley Civilization Kachchhi,. Rajasthan during 19th and 20th centuries dance from Jaipur, the easternmost region of Rajasthan their! For Arab invaders from the 8th to the 11th century, fenugreek and guar India. 12 Video Lectures here was only 38.55 % ( 54.99 % male and 20.44 % female ) DOI: Corpus! Highest leap in the City of Jaipur district including Vidyadhar Nagar, Murlipura were under attack! Manganiyar and Langa communities from Rajasthan are notable for their folk music now reached the capital City Jodhpur... Them at times Rajasthani culture in India to Agriculture and water Conservation in,! 42 ] this was openly acknowledged by the Arab writers 88.49 % of the national census the exception of Abu! 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